China's population declined two years in a row, reaching 1.41 billion.

India likely overtook China as the most populous country in 2023.

Birth rate: Lowest since 1949, at 6.77 per 1,000 people.

Aging population: 26% over 60, leading to fewer births.

One-child policy legacy: Skewed gender ratio impacting marriage rates.

Economic implications: Shortage of workers, slowing down growth.

Long-term social changes: Adapting to new demographic reality.

This decline differs from 1960-61: driven by deeper demographic trends.

Captain Miller Review! Fans Rave over Dhanush's Fierce Transformation - Is This His Pongal Masterpiece?